• Martha Johnson Patterson
    first family
    This photograph is of an engraving of Martha Johnson Patterson who was the daughter of President Andrew Johnson and First Lady Eliza Johnson. With her mother citing poor health, Martha — and sometimes her sister Mary Johnson Stover — took the duties of White House hostess or first lady. During her tenure as hostess, Patterson used her $30,000 budget on improvements to the White House which had fallen into a state of disrepair. She purchased new wallpaper, slipcovers for old furniture, and muslin cloth to cover carpets during receptions. The original engraving was made in 1881 by J.C. Buttre.
  • Andrew Johnson
    Bureau of Engraving and Printing
    This engraving of President Andrew Johnson was produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Johnson became president on April 15, 1865, following the death of President Abraham Lincoln. Johnson had served in the United States House of Representatives and as a Senator for the state of Tennessee, advocated for the homestead bill, and was military governor for Tennessee under President Lincoln.
  • Andrew Johnson
    Mathew Brady
    This portrait photograph of President Andrew Johnson was taken by Mathew Brady. Johnson became the 17th President of the United States on April 15, 1865, after the assassination President Abraham Lincoln. Brady is best known for his photographs of the Civil War. He also took portrait photographs of Presidents Grant, Hayes, Lincoln, and Garfield.
  • President Andrew Johnson Pardoning Rebels at the White House
    Harper's Weekly
    Civil War
    This wood engraving was published in "Harper's Weekly" of President Andrew Johnson pardoning former Confederates at the White House. Johnson's decision to pardon Confederate rebels came in May 1865, shortly before his plan for Reconstruction policies in the United States. While there were exemptions to the proclamation, these pardons were generally for any Confederates who had not held office during the war, had not ascended above the rank of colonel in the army or lieutenant in the navy, and owned less than $20,000 worth of property. This policy upset many Republicans who believed that Johnson was far too lenient on the South for its rebellion against the federal government.
  • Eliza McCardle Johnson
    John Chester Buttre
    First Family
    This engraving of First Lady Eliza McCardle Johnson was done by John Chester Buttre published in 1883. It is based on a photograph of Mrs. Johnson. When her husband became president in 1865 she assumed the role of First Lady in a limited capacity. Mrs. Johnson hosted formal dinners and met with heads of state but left the rest of the position's responsibilities to her daughters.